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Top Five Most Common Sports Injuries


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Injuries are all too common in the lives of student athletes regardless of what measures students take to prevent them. According to the Southwest Athletic Trainers’ Association, high school athletes “suffer 2 million injuries, 500,000 doctor visits and 30,000 hospitalizations each year” as a result of sports injuries. It is important to know what injuries are most common among student athletes and what preemptive measures they can take in order to prevent them. Featured below are the five most common injuries seen in student athletes:

 

  • Ankle Sprains

 

Ankle sprains make up 16% of all high school sports-related injuries making it the most common injury among student athletes. These sprains are usually caused when the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) is aggravated or torn. While only 0.5% of these sprains require surgery, on average it takes between two to four weeks to recover. Students who play contact sports, have weak ankles, suffer from previous injuries, or wear ill fitted equipment run the highest risk of tearing their ATFL.

 

 

  • Knee Injuries/Knee Dislocations

 

Knee dislocation is most commonly seen in runners and jumpers as a result of the constant pressure that running puts on their knees. Athletes who pound heavily on their feet as they run put added strain on the ligaments and tendons that hold their kneecap in place. Without proper care and rest athletes can easily overwork the ligaments in their knees leading to tears, strains, and dislocations.

 

 

  • Shin Splints

 

70% of all high school athletes either have or have had shin splints as a result of increasing the intensity of their workout schedule without adequate preparation. While anyone can get shin splints, athletes with weak ankles or athletes who have suffered from previous injuries to their ankles are more likely to develop shin splints. Shin splints are caused by “repetitive stress on the shinbone and the connective tissues that attach your muscles to the bone,” says Sandhya Pruthi, M.D. Shin splints also put athletes at risk for stress fractures as inflamed muscles press up against the tibia creating tension between the bone and surrounding muscles.  

 

 

  • ACL Tear

 

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tears are most popular in soccer, basketball, volleyball, baseball, and field hockey players. Since these athletes are required to change direction and accelerate quickly on short notice they run constant risk of locking and then hyperextending their knees causing them to become unstable. As the athlete pivots while keeping their knees locked their ACL attempts to stabilize the student in order to keep them from falling but instead rips in the process. Of the 95% of athletes who require surgery to repair their ACL, only a handful are able to walk after a six month recovery and make a full recovery.

 

 

  • Concussion

 

Concussions can be caused by either direct impact to the head or by an indirect blow to the body that causes the head to snap back. Concussions are categorized as a brain injury since they impairs the brain’s cognitive and physical skills. The most common symptoms of concussions are headaches, nausea, inability to concentrate, and loss of memory. Concussions commonly result from activities such as basketball, football, and soccer where students are exposed to both indirect and direct forces.

 

Information taken from: https://www.unitypoint.org, http://www.myerssportsmedicine.com, http://www.webmd.com, https://www.nlm.nih.gov/, http://www.momsteam.com, http://www.swata.org/statistics/, http://www.medicinenet.com/,

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Top Five Most Common Sports Injuries